Mongolia, the second largest land-locked country in the world, covers 1,564,166 square kilometers (603,909 square miles) of East Asia.
An average elevation of 1,580 meters (5,184 ft), Mongolia is one of the highest countries in the world. It's highest point is Khuiten Peak stretching 4,374 meters (14,350 ft) into the clouds.
Commonly nick-named the "Land of Blue Sky," Mongolia enjoys over 250 sunny days per year.The junction of the Siberian taiga, the Central Asian steppes, and the Gobi Desert, Mongolia has a unique combination of landscapes, wildlife, and ecosystems.
High Mountain - This area is made up of three main mountain ranges: Altai, Khangai, and Khentii. High above the tree line, frozen tundras, alpine meadows, and boulder fields litter the mountainside. Climate? Extremely cold. Khuiten, the tallest peak in the country reaches 4,374 meters (14,350 ft). Though they stretch magnificently high, these mountains make up only five percent of Mongolia.
Taiga - Only found in Northern Mongolia, winterized forests covers a little over five percent of Mongolia. Because it receives more precipitation (300 to 400 millimeters annually) and lower temperatures than most of Mongolia, plants and wildlife flourish.
Forest Steppe - About 25 percent of Mongolia is covered with these lush pastures, thick forests, and natural water springs. With such rare commodities in a desertous country, these areas are commonly dotted with nomadic herders and their livestock.
Steppe - Eastern Mongolia is almost entirely covered in steppe. It extends west just south of the Khangai and Khan Khukhii Mountains all the way to the Great Lakes Depression. In the central and western areas of the country, the steppe provides many of the nation's most important grazing lands for domestic livestock. And the best landscape scenes for the countryside's tourists.
Desert Steppe - More than 20 percent of Mongolia, this area extends across the country between the desert and steppe. It surrounds the Great Lakes Depression, the Khangai and Altai mountain ranges, and the east side of the Gobi. Desert steppe is characterized by low-lying areas, salt pans, and small ponds. Strong winds, dry climate, and frequent droughts keep a lot from thriving in these areas.
Desert - The Gobi Desert covers Southern Mongolia and Northeastern China. Though rugged and beautiful, the expanses of the Gobi Desert are inhospitable. Vegetation is sparse, and formations vary from majestic mountain massifs to pavement-like plateus and dreamy sand dunes. As you might expect, the climate is extreme. Precipitation falls only once every few years, and temperatures range from 40°C (104°F) to -40°C (-40°F).