About Mongolia

Beautiful Mongolia


About Mongolia
Background Mongolia:
Mongolia is located in central part of Asia and borders with People’s Republic of China on the south and Russian Federation on the north sides.
 It has 1,564,116 square kilometers territory, is ranked 19th place in the world with territory size. Mongolia is divided into three regions from the south to the north with its natural characteristics. The gobi region,  field region and foresty region.
The Southern Region: Gobi
  • Land surface is sandy and stony
  • 40% of territory share
  • rare and very rare animals like Mazaalai (gobi bear), saiga, takhi, wild camel, wild ass, ibex, wild sheep and wild camel...
  • climate is hot, dry, low precipitation
  The Central Region: Plains
  • 30% of territory share
  • Located in the central part
  • Land surface is flat and grass land and wild animals are abundant
The Northern Region: Forest
  • 30% of territory share
  • High mountains
  • Densely forested
  • Climate is cold, cool and moist .
  • A lot of precipitation
Governance: It is a parliamentary democratic government.
 Head of the state is President. Head of the government is Prime minister.
Capital: Ulaanbaatar is the capital city where one third of the population lives. It's located in the central part of the country.
Population: Mongolia has a population of approximately 3,239,000 and about 20 ethnic groups: Khalkh, Durvud, Buriad, Khotgoid, Sartuul, Khoshuud, Torguud, Zakhchin, Barga, Durvud, Uzemchin, Bayad, Khoton, Khazakh, Dariganga, Darkhad, Uuld, Myangad .
The major ethnic group is Khalkh and constitutes 82.4 percent of the population.
Currency:  Tugrug (1USD=approximately 2600 MNT) Mongolian currency is Tugrug. Currency code is MNT.
Climate: 4 seasons; it’s very hot in the summer- reaching +40 °C degrees, and very cold in the winter- reaching -40 °C
Religion: Shamanism and Buddhism. Shamanism is Mongolia's traditional religion but now most Mongolians are Buddhist.
Language: Mongolian language
Mongolia is a very peaceful country to travel in and its people are hospitable. Every year many tourists come to Mongolia to see the blue sky, green steppe, wild nature, beautiful attractions and experience a nomadic way of life that is survived in few countries. Mongolians breed 5 main animals (sheep, goats, cows, 2 humped camels and horses).

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